Good Practice Database

This database contains good practice examples on how the accessibility of public space and public transport can be improved, covering all categories of the ISEMOA Quality Management System.

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ISEMOA Good Practice Fact Sheet

Title in original language Accessibility Planning - Guidance for Development of Local Transport Plans
Title in English Accessibility Planning - Guidance for Development of Local Transport Plans
Location United Kingdom
Year 2000
Initiator Central Government
Developed by
(one pick only)
  • Administration / Political actor
Implementation Area
  • Municipality
  • City
  • Urban
  • Rural
Supported accessibility level
  • Macro accessibility
Elements of the working process - Preconditions
  • User needs
Elements of the working process - Policy
  • Policy on paper
Elements of the working process - Strategy
  • Programme / Plan
  • Partnerships
  • People
  • Budget
Elements of the working process - Implementation
  • Accessibility measures and accessibility planning
Elements of the working process - Monitoring and Evaluation
  • User / society results
  • Management review
Type of PRM Affected
  • Visual impaired
  • Motor impaired
  • Hearing impaired
  • Cognitive / Learning impaired
Application Field / Target area - Public Transport - City Bus
  • Service
  • Stops / stations
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Transport - Regional Bus
  • Service
  • Stops / stations
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Transport - Tram
  • Service
  • Stops / stations
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Transport - Local Train
  • Service
  • Stops / stations
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Transport - other
  • Name: Unconventional transport
  • Service
  • Stops / stations
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Space - Pedestrian / wheelchair
  • Availability
  • Quality
  • Information
Application Field / Target area - Public Space - Cycling
  • Availability
  • Quality
  • Information
Why is it a good practice example? Accessibility Planning is a good practice example because it seeks to apply a uniform transport planning approach to each area of the UK which has to take account of a stipulated number of key indicators which in turn mitigate responses in each area.

The framework is imposed by the Department for Transport (DfT) (Central Government) who require each transport authority to produce a Local Transport Plan covering a 5 year period.
Background and Objectives / Aims Improving social inclusion lies at the heart of Government policies. The Government wants to improve access to opportunities, and to enable individuals and communities to realise their potential. Achieving these aims means making sure that everyone can get to work, schools, healthcare, food shops and other key services.

Improving accessibility to jobs and services not only addresses social inclusion, but also helps to:
- support economic regeneration,
- facilitate the transition from welfare to work,
- reduce health inequalities and
- improve participation and attendance in education.

Local transport authorities have a pivotal role to play in improving accessibility through:
- their transport strategies, policies and programmes,
- transport schemes and initiatives specifically designed to improve accessibility,
- influencing the authority's wider policy areas and the corporate centre,
- influencing the location of new facilities and retention of existing ones and
- influencing the decisions of external bodies on location and delivery of other services and opportunities.

Other local bodies have an equally important role to play and can benefit significantly from improved accessibility, notably:
- Local planning authorities;
- Primary Care Trusts;
- Local education authorities;
- Learning and Skills Councils;
- Jobcentres.
Implementation (incl. obstacles, public participation) Local authorities are required to submit a 5 year Local Transport Plan (LTP) to the Department for Transport (DfT). This plan must outline the accessibility strategy for the area which takes into account all public transport services in terms of spatial networks, gaps, and indicating areas / individuals at risk of social exclusion. After the LTP expires, a new one has to be created.

The accessibility strategy should:
- be set in the context of the wider vision and objectives for that area, as set out in the community strategy and the development plan, for example for the development of jobs and housing,
- aim to improve accessibility for all, but particularly for disadvantaged groups and areas,
- focus on accessibility to employment, learning, health care and food shops together with other services and opportunities of local importance, e.g. leisure facilities,
- be based on an assessment of the accessibility needs and problems of the area,
- set out accessibility priorities within the five year period and demonstrate how they result from the assessment,
- provide targets for improving accessibility, with clear linkages to the wider strategy, and on the ground delivery,
- include a series of more detailed local accessibility action plans, developed with partners, to tackle initial priorities identified from the assessment and
- show how accessibility considerations are to be incorporated into wider policy and scheme development and delivery in transport, land-use planning and non-transport sectors.

A five-stage process for accessibility planning is recommended, comprising:
- Strategic (e.g. LTP wide) accessibility assessment,
- Local accessibility assessments, focussed on priority areas, groups and issues,
- Option appraisal (including the identification of resources),
- Accessibility action plan development and
- Monitoring and evaluation.
  • In local currency: 10.200.000
  • Local currency name: GBP
  • In Euro [EUR]: 11.500.000
Conclusions (incl. output, analysis of benefits) The process of Accessibility Planning had resulted in a consistent measure of how far transport planning authorities are able to a) assess needs, b) map supply and understand the network and c) where necessary put in place additional measures. However, the latter often rely upon funds being available and so many of the actions outlined in Local Transport Plans remain aspirational. It should be noted, therefore, that whilst Accessibility Planning provides a more detailed understanding of accessibility needs, it does not necessarily result in direct improvements.

An appraisal of Accessibility Planning has been produced by Derek Halden Consultancy (“10 Years of Accessibility Planning in the UK - What Has Been Achieved?” - Association for European Transport 2009). This report highlights the main benefit being “better informed decisions in the future…

There are three main administrative levels for accessibility planning:
- The site based level such as for schools, hospitals and businesses to ensure safe and efficient access for staff, customers and suppliers.
- Area level planning (particularly for local authorities, regional planning authorities, passenger transport bodies, transport operators and others) ensuring that appropriate action is being taken to improve access to opportunities for residents and businesses.
- At a national level to ensure that the policy, funding and legislative framework helps to improve access.

In addition travellers and residents of the UK rely on accessibility information to make their decisions.

Widespread and growing data availability means that increasingly accessibility analysis is helping to inform better decisions from an individual journey plan through to a change in national policy. This will also facilitate a better dialogue between users and providers of transport with users able to add information to network links in accessibility models about their experiences of their journey on that link and providers able to communicate the cost, time, safety or other benefits of particular journey options.

Accessibility planning is making more connections across the UK each year. Although integrated working will continue to be complex and sometimes slow to develop the accessibility planning toolkit in the UK is becoming increasingly influential over funding decisions, travel behaviour, integrating transport into the wider economy and society.

UK transport is progressively moving towards investment in end to end journeys improving access to places. 10 years of accessibility planning appear to have laid the foundations from which the management and investment of integrated transport systems can be planned into the future.”
Source / Link http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/regional/ltp/accessibility/
Information - documents 10 Years of Accessibility Planning review (PDF, 11 pages, 87KB) (87 KB)
Guidance On Accessibility Planning in Local Transport Plans (PDF,104 pages, 850KB) (851 KB)
Accessibility Planning Guidance Summary Version (PDF, 6 pages, 115KB) (115 KB)
Accessibility Planning Mapping Sample - Manchester (JPEG 36KB) (36 KB)

Accessibility Planning Mapping Sample - Laurencekirk (JPEG 65KB) (65 KB)

Accessibility Planning Mapping Sample - Edinburgh (JPEG 54KB) (54 KB)

Accession Software - Sample Screenshot (JPEG 212KB) (213 KB)